Confusion over post conflict funding between the government and development partners persists in Northern Uganda

In September I wrote about my findings during a trip through five districts of northern Uganda on post conflict development and recovery programs. This was after government ran supplements in news papers celebrating achievements in the recovery programmes in the north. My findings were that people were not prepared for the new environment after living for years in the camps.

Now a new report released by the Internal Displacement Monitoring Center (IDMC) and the Norwegian Refugee Council shows that most returned IDPs lack basic services and that the vulnerability has increased.

In Acholi and Teso sub-regions, 92 per cent of the 1.8 million people displaced into camps had returned home or resettled in other areas by December 2010.

Below are excerpts out of the reports that I thought were important to note.

The sustainability of returns is in doubt . Despite lasting peace in the region, since 2006, returns have outpaced recovery planning and implementation. Most IDPs have returned to areas offering few basic services such as water, health care and education facilities. Current and planned efforts notwithstanding, there is general agreement that it will take many years to rehabilitate northern Uganda.

The government and its international partners did not start to implement recovery programmes until 2008, and their impact is yet to be felt. By December 2010, the Consolidated Appeal for humanitarian support in 2010 was 49 per cent funded; this Appeal is expected to be the last.

Large recovery and development programmes in northern Uganda have been delayed for long periods; confusion about funding between the government and development partners has persisted, and there has been a lack of coordination between the government, the donors and the UN.

Vulnerability continues

OCHA notes that access to basic services has remained elusive for the majority of people in return areas. Inadequate health care infrastructure has left populations susceptible to epidemics, as demonstrated by the persistence of the Hepatitis E outbreak in Kitgum and the re-emergence of polio in Amuru. A higher than average HIV prevalence, second only to rates in Kampala, could lead to a pandemic in the absence or insufficiency of testing, treatment or counselling services.

Other issues include food security and land issues.

New Year with new neighbour? Peace calls ahead of South Sudan referendum

As the year draws to an end, the East African region is packed action and high on the events to watch will the Sudan referendum where South Sudanese will determine their independence from the Khartoum-based northern Sudan government.

Many hope the results from the referendum vote slated for a week from January 9, 2011 will be accepted. Many leading voices including Omar al Bashir, the president of Sudan have already sort of shown a tilt to accepting that Africa’s largest country will finally be split. This means we in Uganda will be having new neighbours who aren’t so new. The support for a new nation is high in the region.

For those watched those gruesome pictures of millions of south Sudanese starving, dying and displaced during the long civil war and those who survived in IDP camps in Uganda, Ethiopia and Kenya, the independence is only a small step. The split will not be an end in itself it should give south Sudanese power to closely watch their government. The SPLM which has been in power will finally have to be more accountable and it must check the internal tribal conflicts that have taken many other lives. Provide better social services to the population where nothing has existed in many decades. This is not a simple task.

Internationally we have seen the US President call on both parties – north and south to respect the outcome of the referendum.

The campaign for a peaceful referendum has been taken to the music world. And there could never be a better singer to lead the crusade. Emmanuel Jal’s who was a child soldier in the long war against the north who survived and became a recording artist is leading the war to call for support of the decision of millions in the south.

Jal is returning to East Africa in a few days to promote his international hit single, ‘We Want Peace’ (featuring Alicia Keys, George Clooney, Kofi Annan and more). He will be in Nairobi where he will hold listening sessions before and after referendum.

Part of the song, a good reminder tohe world: “Rwanda, never again, and after Rwanda, what’s happening? Not far from the …

Jal who has been campaigned for increased attention to issues of child soldiers and refugees ensured that the music video was shot on the streets and slums of Nairobi. The song ‘We Want Peace’ is part of a world-wide campaign calling on young people, regional and international leaders to actively support a peaceful process and Sudan’s upcoming referendum.

Emmanuel has Released 3 Studio albums: Gua, Ceasefire and Warchild. He has featured in the National Geographic documentary God Grew Tired of Us, a touching story of surviving war, camp life and escape of three of the Sudan lost boys.

He featured in the film Blood Diamond. Jal was also involved in the ‘Amnesty International Campaign to Save Darfur’ and je runs a charity Gua Africa.

“I believe I survived for a reason…to tell my story…to touch lives.”

That’s an intro to his song Warchild which is my favorite. It tells Jal’s story. He tells of his father being a police officer in government and later joining a rebel movement. Jal talks of how he was forced to be a child soldier. He lost his parents in the war.

For all they lost, for all they suffered, the people of South Sudan deserve a new beginning.

Covering Africa at climate change

It’s been hectic two weeks here in Cancun, haven’t had much time to write personal thoughts but I have been covering the climate change talks as part of the UNESCO fellowship. Here is a link to an Interview I did with UNESCO on how the talks have been going and what’s priority for Africa.

The talks close in a few hours from now but not much is yet known about likely outcomes.

Protests at the COP16 in pictures

I was covering the protests today Dec 07 2010 in Cancun. Here is what I captured as different people fronted different calls to their ministers gathered here for climate change talks.

Banner protest note on World Bank involvement in climate change funds.
Vergil from the Philippines movement for climate justice protests against the World Bank

A man from one Mexico's indigenous communities taking part in the protest.

A woman from India during the march. she is one of the waste pickers I met during the protest.
And the farmers.

ICC tells Ivory Coast leaders you are under watch!

Ivory Coast’s electoral commission has said opposition candidate Alassane Ouattara has won the presidential run-off but the Constitutional Council has contested the announcement.

In the last few days there have been reported clashes and attacks on civilians and some have died. But as the tag of war continues between two bodies over the election results, the Deputy Prosecutor of the International Criminal Court (ICC) has issued a statment that he’s watching the events closely.

Supporters of President Laurent Gbagbo had tried to block the result, saying there had been fraud in the north.

Former rebels control this area. It is also where Mr Ouattara is most popular.

Côte d’Ivoire accepted the jurisdiction of the International Criminal Court (ICC) for crimes committed on its territory in October 2003.

SO far there’s been little efforts from presidential candidates to calm their supporters and ICC has asked the political figures to do more.

I invite the Ivorian authorities to investigate criminal incidents that have already occurred and to do everything possible to deter future ones. All reported acts of violence will be closely scrutinized by the Office.” – Fatou Bensouda, Deputy Prosecutor of the ICC

The ICC has already taken on the case of post election violence in Kenya and many look up to it to fully bring those that were behind the 2007 violence to book. Elections on the African soil have increasingly become a way down to violence rather than liberty.

And we can only watch to see where the events in Ivory Coast will head.